The Science Behind Uneven Pigmentation
Uneven pigmentation, often referred to as hyperpigmentation, is a common skin concern where patches of skin become darker than the surrounding areas. This discoloration is caused by an excess production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin and hair color. Factors like sun exposure, hormonal changes, and certain medications can trigger this overproduction. Conversely, hypopigmentation, the opposite of hyperpigmentation, involves areas of the skin becoming lighter due to a lack of melanin production. Both hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation can impact the skin’s appearance and require specialized care for optimal results.
Untreated hyperpigmentation can become persistent and more challenging to address, while hypopigmentation may also present unique challenges. Dr. Weishar’s expertise and personalized approach ensure patients receive the most effective treatments for their uneven skin tone.
Uneven Skin Tone Causes and Risk Factors
The primary causes of uneven pigmentation include sun exposure, hormonal imbalances (like those caused by pregnancy or birth control pills), inflammation, skin injuries, and certain medications. Environmental factors, such as pollution, can also exacerbate the condition.
Symptoms, Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis
Uneven pigmentation manifests as darkened patches on the skin. These patches can vary in size and location and can become darker or more noticeable with sun exposure. In some cases, the condition may be accompanied by other skin concerns like redness or dryness. Diagnosis involves a thorough skin examination, and in some cases, a biopsy may be taken. Additionally, hypopigmentation, which is characterized by areas of lighter skin due to reduced melanin production, can also be a concern for some individuals.